Monroe's population increased by 14% during the decade 1990-2000, or 2,356 people. It is the region’s fastest growing community, even though in absolute numbers, Fairfield increased more rapidly with nearly 4,000 new residents.

Monroe, Connecticut

With more undeveloped land than any other Town except Easton, at more affordable prices, Monroe will continue to grow. The town is zoned primarily for single-family homes on one- to three-acre lots. Monroe also has over 450 acres of commercial land-uses. It has more land area dedicated to commercial uses per capita than any other municipality
in the region.

Although still a town of young families, the median age of Monroe residents is projected to rise over the next 20 years as vacant land fills up and there is less opportunity for new homes for young families.

Monroe’s two commercial corridors, Main Street (Route 25) and the Monroe Turnpike (Route 111), have experienced rapid commercial development and with it traffic congestion. As a result, state and local planning officials have proposed road improvement plans designed to improve circulation along these routes. Main Street has managed to maintain a small-town feel in spite of its growth.

Rail-trails have become a symbol of liveable communities in many areas. Monroe is the northern end of a rail-trail that is now being built on the former Housatonic Railroad line. The trail will go south through Trumbull to the ferry dock in Bridgeport.